Category Archives: General Biology

Transition Pathways towards Sustainability in Agriculture: by L-A. Sutherland,I. Darnhofer,G.A. Wilson,L. Zagata

By L-A. Sutherland,I. Darnhofer,G.A. Wilson,L. Zagata

in accordance with the study of an interdisciplinary crew of sociologists, geographers and economists, this ebook specializes in realizing farming transitions in Europe. The e-book discusses the significance of knowing transition pathways in the direction of sustainability utilizing case reviews from Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Portugal and the uk. Assessing the application of the multi-level viewpoint in transition idea for addressing modern matters, the ebook identifies destiny learn wishes and attainable methods, making this a vital learn for researchers drawn to problems with rural and agricultural change.

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Future Humans: Inside the Science of Our Continuing by Scott Solomon

By Scott Solomon

Are people nonetheless topic to the forces of evolution? An evolutionary biologist presents spectacular insights into the way forward for Homo sapiens

during this exciting booklet, evolutionary biologist Scott Solomon attracts at the explosion of discoveries lately to ascertain the longer term evolution of our species. Combining wisdom of our previous with present developments, Solomon bargains convincing facts that evolutionary forces nonetheless have an effect on us this day. yet how will modernization—including longer lifespans, altering diets, worldwide trip, and common use of drugs and contraceptives—affect our evolutionary future?

Solomon offers an wonderful and obtainable assessment of the most recent learn on human evolution nowa days, drawing on fields from genomics to drugs and the examine of our microbiome. staggering insights, on subject matters starting from the increase of on-line courting and Cesarean sections to the unfold of ailments similar to HIV and Ebola, recommend that we're getting into a brand new part in human evolutionary history—one that makes the longer term much less predictable and extra attention-grabbing than ever before.

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Corticofugal Modulation of Sensory Information: 187 by A. Nuñez,E. Malmierca

By A. Nuñez,E. Malmierca

1 advent The processing of sensory info by way of the crucial fearful method is dif?cult to appreciate by means of the complicated interconnections among subcortical and cortical components. Connections among the thalamus and cortex are principally reciprocal, with info being processed in either feed-forward (periphery to thalamus to c- tex) and suggestions (corticothalamic) instructions. Sensory signs succeed in the cerebral cortex after having made synapses in several relay stations alongside the sensory pa- approach. Classically, excitatory and inhibitory activities were suggestion to modulate sensory responses within the relay stations, thereby contributing to sensory proce- ing within the crucial apprehensive approach. besides the fact that, anatomical experiences validated the life of exact corticofugal projections to subcortical relay stations many years in the past. because the past due Nineteen Fifties, electrophysiological stories of sensory cortex - tivation and inactivation have additionally proven that the cortex induces excitation and inhibition of sensory responses in subcortical neurons. even if nearly all of reports have focused on the ascending or feed-forward method, the suggestions connections are literally even more a number of than the thalamocortical axons and will give a contribution to focusing info processing within the visible, auditory, and somatosensory pathways. Glutamate has been proposed because the neurotransmitter in corticofugal neurons at the foundation of early iontophoretic stories (Krnjevic and Phillis 1963) in addition to more moderen stories with quite a few different suggestions (e. g., Fagg and Foster 1983; Rustioni et al. 1983; Donoghue et al. 1985).

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Virus Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Crops (CABI Plant by P. Tennant,G. Fermin

By P. Tennant,G. Fermin

This ebook describes interactions of plant viruses with hosts and transmission vectors in an agricultural context. beginning with an summary of virus biology, economics and administration, chapters then handle economically major plant illnesses of tropical and subtropical plants. for every ailment, indicators, distribution, financial influence, causative virus, taxonomy, host variety, transmission, diagnostic equipment and administration recommendations are discussed.

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Improving Crop Productivity in Sustainable Agriculture by Narendra Tuteja,Sarvajeet S. Gill,Renu Tuteja

By Narendra Tuteja,Sarvajeet S. Gill,Renu Tuteja

An up to date evaluation of present growth in bettering crop caliber and volume utilizing glossy equipment. With a selected emphasis on genetic engineering, this article focusses on crop development below hostile stipulations, paying specified consciousness to such staple vegetation as rice, maize, and pulses. It comprises a very good mixture of particular examples, akin to the construction of nutritionally-fortified rice and a dialogue of the political and fiscal implications of genetically engineered food.
the result's vital hands-on consultant, excellent for the biotech and agro industries.

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Abiotic Stresses in Crop Plants by U. Chakraborty,B. Chakraborty

By U. Chakraborty,B. Chakraborty

This ebook relies to a good quantity at the biochemical and molecular mechanisms of tolerance of in most cases encountered abiotic stresses in nature. This booklet will take care of expanding temperature, water, salinity, and heavy metals and ozone, and the way those abiotic stresses may be controlled by way of microbes via their relief mechanisms. Water rigidity comprises either drought and flooding. 1st part outlines the relevance of abiotic stresses in ultra-modern environmental stipulations. The 2d part offers with 3 significant stresses - temperature, water and salinity and the metabolic adjustments and protecting changes in crops for withstanding those stresses. The third part offers with the function of heavy metals and ozone. the ultimate part is dedicated to common abiotic stresses and their relief via microbes. those supply a cheap and green technique of scuffling with diverse stresses.

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Handbook of Nutrition, Diet and the Eye by Victor R. Preedy

By Victor R. Preedy

The guide of nutrients, nutrition and the Eye is the 1st publication to entirely handle universal gains and etiological components in how nutritional and dietary components impact the eye.

The ocular approach might be one of many least studied organs in vitamin and foodstuff, but the implications of imaginative and prescient loss will be devastating. one of many largest participants to accomplish imaginative and prescient loss within the western hemisphere is diabetes, prompted through metabolic syndrome. In a few constructing international locations, micronutrient deficiencies are significant contributory components to impaired imaginative and prescient. notwithstanding, there are a number of ocular defects that experience both their foundation in dietary deficiencies or extra or were proven to reply favorably to dietary parts. the attention from the cornea to the retina should be laid low with dietary elements. results could be physiological or molecular.

This ebook represents crucial interpreting for nutritionists, dietitians, optometrists, ophthalmologists, opticians, endocrinologists, and different clinicians and researchers drawn to eye wellbeing and fitness and imaginative and prescient in general.

  • Saves clinicians and researchers time in speedy gaining access to the very most recent info on a vast variety of meals, ocular future health, and sickness issues
  • Provides a typical language for nutritionists, meals researchers, optometrists, and ophthalmologists to debate how nutritional and dietary components, and similar illnesses and syndromes impact the eye
  • Preclinical, scientific, and inhabitants experiences may also help nutritionists, dieticians, and clinicians map out key components for examine and additional medical recommendations

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Biophysik (German Edition) by Werner Mäntele

By Werner Mäntele

1. Aufl., Grundlegende Konzepte und experimentelle Methoden

Biophysik ist ein noch junges Fachgebiet an der Schnittstelle zwischen Physik, Chemie, Biologie und Medizin. Es ist in vielen Studiengängen ein Vertiefungsfach und wird erst seit einigen Jahren als eigenständiges Studienfach in Bachelor- und Masterstudiengängen angeboten.

Es führt in grundlegende Konzepte der Biophysik ein und beschreibt die wichtigsten experimentellen Methoden. Bei der Behandlung dieser Konzepte werden einige Grundlagen aus Physik, Chemie und Biologie vorausgesetzt, die üblicherweise in den ersten Semestern des Studiums vermittelt werden.

Dieses Buch entstand an der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt als Begleitbuch zum ersten grundständigen Biophysikstudiengang.

Aus dem Inhalt:
- Eigenschaften, Struktur und Funktion biologischer Polymere
- Eigenschaften biologischer Membranen
- Transportprozesse über biologische Membranen
- Grundlagen biologischer Energiewandlung
- Spektroskopische Messmethoden
- Rastersondentechniken und molekulares Kräftemessen
- Strahlenbiophysik

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